How to install Asterisk 1.8 on Ubuntu Server 10.10

It is easy to install and use an Asterisk free soft PBX on Ubuntu box – if you do it frequently. I created a step by step guide to prevent you from the usually error messages during the installation.

I use Asterisk 1.8.3.2 on my 64 bit Ubuntu Server 10.10.

After the upgrade on a fresh install, we need three packages to build up our Asterisk. Let’s install the build-essential, libxml2-dev, and ncurses-dev packages.

 
apt-get install build-essential libxml2-dev ncurses-dev 

Asterisk_01

You can find all versions of the Asterisk at the download section. Download the latest version, and extract it!

 
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/releases/asterisk-1.8.3.2.tar.gz 
tar zxvf asterisk-1.8.3.2.tar.gz 

Then install the Asterisk, config, and the shamples.

 
cd asterisk-1.8.3.2/ 
./configure 
make 
make install 
make config 
make samples 

When the installation finished, we have a preconfigured Asterisk. To test the Asterisk with two softphones, let’s configure the sip.conf and the extensions.conf.

Here is the sip.conf file:

 
[general] 
context = default
bindport = 5060 
bindaddr = 0.0.0.0 
tcpbindaddr = 0.0.0.0 
tcpenable = yes 

[1001] 
type = friend 
callerid = User One <1001> 
secret = 1001 
host = dynamic 
canreinvite = no 
dtmfmode = rfc2833 
mailbox = 1001 
disallow = all 
allow = ulaw 
transport = udp 

[1002] 
type = friend 
callerid = User Two <1002> 
secret = 1002
host = dynamic 
canreinvite = no 
dtmfmode = rfc2833 
mailbox = 1002 
disallow = all 
allow = ulaw 
transport = udp 

This config means that the Asterisk listen all IP, port 5060, and the TCP is enabled. It has two extensions defined for User One and User Two.

Here is the extensions.conf file:

 
[general] 
static=yes 
writeprotect=no 

[default] 
exten => 1001,1,Answer() 
exten => 1001,n,Dial(SIP/1001,20,tr) 
exten => 1001,n,Hangup 

exten => 1002,1,Answer() 
exten => 1002,n,Dial(SIP/1002,20,tr) 
exten => 1002,n,Hangup. 

This config means that there are two accessible extensions existing.

After configuring the Asterisk, we need to start it.

 /etc/init.d/asterisk start 

Asterisk_02

I use X-Lite to connect to the soft PBX. Let’s configure the X-Lite!

Asterisk_03

All data come from the sip.conf. The Account name, and the Display name are the callerid. The User ID and the Authorization name are the extension number – inside the square brackets. The Password is the sicret. The Domain is the IP address of the Asterisk server.

If all configurations are good, the X-Lite will inform you.

Asterisk_03

Let’s call from User One to User Two.

Here is the User One side:

Asterisk_04

Here is the User Two side:

Asterisk_05

Troubleshooting? We always need when we try a new thing. The firs tool is the tcpdump of course, but the asterisk have a good command line interface (Asterisk CLI) to debug the problem. To access the Asterisk CLI type

 asterisk -vvvvvvr 

This screen shows a successful call from 1001 to 1002.

Asterisk_06

The Asterisk works now! Are you wondering why I configured my Asterisk to answer on TCP? Because I would like to test the Direct SIP feature of the Microsoft Communications Server and the Lync. CU next time! 😉

Update:

New post available: Astarisk on Ubuntu Server 11.04 (Natty Narwhal).

You can find the OCS 2007 R2 co-existing scenario with Asterisk 1.8 PBX article here.

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